Do all transformers contain PCBs?
Not all transformers contain PCBs; the following procedures can be used to determine which transformers contain PCBs and which ones do not. First, a liquid-filled transformer may or may not have a conservator tank (see Figure 3).
Are there still PCBs in transformers?
Though production of PCBs ceased in the United States nearly 40 years ago, the use of PCBs is still authorized in transformers and other electrical equipment as long as it does not present unreasonable health or environmental risks.
What were PCBs used for in the 1970s?
Context – Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are a group of man-made compounds that were widely used in the past, mainly in electrical equipment, but which were banned at the end of the 1970s in many countries because of environmental concerns.
Who invented polychlorinated biphenyls?
The brief story is that PCBs were invented, found to be useful, and to be profitable to one company, Monsanto, which had a monopoly in the United States and was distributing it widely before most Americans had ever heard of it.
Do capacitors contain PCBs?
PCBs are found extensively in transformers and capacitors used in the electrical industry and in a wide range of other products. Smaller PCB filled capacitors are fitted to electric motors, welders and fluorescent lights.
How can you tell if oil contains PCB?
Sampling — if there is only very limited information available on the status of a piece of electrical equipment or other material likely to be contaminated with PCBs, the most appropriate way to determine the PCB status is to send a small sample of the material (e.g. dielectric fluid from the equipment) to a NATA- …
Why was PCB used in transformers?
PCBs have been used as coolants and lubricants in transformers, capacitors, and other electrical equipment because they don’t burn easily and are good insulators. The manufacture of PCBs was stopped in the U.S. in 1977 because of evidence they build up in the environment and can cause harmful health effects.
Why is there oil in a transformer?
Transformer oil is used to insulate high-voltage electrical infrastructure such as transformers, capacitors, switches and circuit breakers. Transformer oils are designed to operate effectively at very high temperatures, cooling, insulating, and stopping corona discharges and arcing.