Bottom-up processing begins with the retrieval of sensory information from our external environment to build perceptions based on the current input of sensory information. Top-down processing is the interpretation of incoming information based on prior knowledge, experiences, and expectations.
Define bottom-up processing. Involves processing information by starting with the individual elements of a visual stimulus and gradually building up a final representation and interpretation (Grivas, et al, 2006). Focusus on gestalt, depth and constancy principles.
What is top-down processing in psychology quizlet?
Top-down processing is information processing guided by high-level mental processes, as when we construct perceptions by filtering information through our experience and expectations. …
In accounts of foreign-language listening and reading, perceptual information is often described as ‘bottom-up’, while information provided by context is said to be ‘top-down‘.
What is meant by a top-down process in attention?
Attention can be categorized into two distinct functions: bottom-up attention, referring to attentional guidance purely by externally driven factors to stimuli that are salient because of their inherent properties relative to the background; and top-down attention, referring to internal guidance of attention based on …
What is top-down attention quizlet?
top down attention. goal oriented. –intentionally pay attention to specific objects. -voluntary.
How can top-down processing and object recognition quizlet?
Top-down processing emphasizes how a person’s concepts, expectations, and memory can influence object recognition. – In more detail, these higher-level mental processes all help in identifying objects.