Which is an example of top-down processing in the perception of taste?
However, in our everyday lives, we perceive and evaluate foods based mainly on cognitive and top-down processing. For example, we evaluate foods as more palatable when we eat them at a social gathering than when we eat alone at home.
Define bottom-up processing. Involves processing information by starting with the individual elements of a visual stimulus and gradually building up a final representation and interpretation (Grivas, et al, 2006). Focusus on gestalt, depth and constancy principles.
Attention can be categorized into two distinct functions: bottom-up attention, referring to attentional guidance purely by externally driven factors to stimuli that are salient because of their inherent properties relative to the background; and top-down attention, referring to internal guidance of attention based on …
While the processing of normal (famous or unfamiliar) faces mainly followed the posterior to anterior (bottom-up) face processing sequence, we further investigated the possibility that under certain stimulus conditions, top-down modulation of face processing could become more prominent.
Bottom-up processing is the analysis that begins at the sensory receptors and works up to the brain. Conversely, top-down processing is the analysis guided by higher level mental processes as the brain perceives based on expectation and experience.
Is top-down processing automatic?
A “top-down process” is defined by Baluch and Itti as “…an automatic, percept-modifying [top-down] mechanism that is pervasive and that volition cannot completely eliminate.” (p. … Traditionally, “top-down perception” refers to situations in which context, learning, or expectation alters a perceptual process.
What is the top-down strategy?
A “top-down” approach is where an executive decision maker or other top person makes the decisions of how something should be done. This approach is disseminated under their authority to lower levels in the hierarchy, who are, to a greater or lesser extent, bound by them.
Top down listening happens when we use background knowledge to make sense of what we are listening to. … Bottom up listening, on the other hand, happens when we understand language sound by sound or word by word, with less use of background knowledge.
Top-down strategies focus on the ‘big’ picture and general meaning of a listening text. … Bottom-up strategies, on the other hand, focus on listening for details and involve tasks that focus on understanding at a sound or word level. Tasks are ‘intensive’, as they focus on looking for particular details.
The word superiority effect is an example of top-down information processing because it refers to being able to find the letters that your able to recognize within a given word much easier than a non-word which would make a person who is able to identify or recall a real word from a non-word because they have prior …